India Travel Guide

Basic Facts

Name: Republic of India
Area: 3,287,263 sq km (1,269,219 sq mi)
Population: 1.31 billion
Language: Indian, English
Capital: New Delhi
Currency: Rupee
Time Zone: UTC+5:30
Religions and Beliefs: Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism


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Top Things to Do

Traveling in the country, do not forget to participate in some local activities to make your India vacation more colorful if have chance, such as taking a boat ride on Ganges River, trying yoga and meditation, trying a Henna Tattoo, participating in Holi Festival, tasting snacks like Roti Prata, mutton curry, pilaf, lassi...

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How to Plan an India Tour

A lot of tourists come to the country for Taj Mahal. Actually, there are a lot of destinations worth a visit in addition to Taj Mahal. Delhi, Agra and Jaipur are all cities with abundant tourist attractions.


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South India Travel – Best Plans & Top Experiences

16 Most Popular Places to Visit in South India


Best Time to Visit

From October to next March is the best time to go for the best India tours, with the average temperature at 5-15? (40-60?) and not much rain. Affected by tropical monsoon climate, seasons in the country can be divided into three: winter, summer and rainy season. Winter is from November to next March. In most places, it is cool and sunny. In some northern mountain areas, it sometimes snows. Summer is from April to June, when the climate is dry and hot. The daytime temperature can reach 42? (108?) and the night time temperature is 27-30? (80-85?). Traveling during this time, please wear shirts, shorts and dresses. Also take sun glasses and anti-mosquito products. Rainy season is from late June to October. Remember to take rain gears when going there during this period.


3-Day Weather Forecast of Major Cities
Delhi
Mumbai
Kolkata


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Transportation

The best choice to get in the country is to take a flight, which is the most convenient way among all. In major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai and Kolkata, there are international airports at service. Inside the country, there are around 90 domestic airports covering most cities. Apart from arriving by plane, there are also international railways and highways connecting India and its neighboring countries like Nepal and Pakistan, but as the conditions and services are poor, it is not recommended to take international train or bus to cross the border.

To travel inside the country, in addition to taking a flight, you can also take a train or a long-distance bus. The railway network in the country is large and well developed. You can book tickets online, and in large railway stations, there are particular windows providing help for foreigners. When going somewhere that trains are not able to reach, like mountain areas, you can take a long-distance bus. It is cheap but the conditions are not so well. If you want to travel to some islands like Andaman Islands and Lakshadweep Islands, there are ships and ferries available, but only with 3 or 4 sailings every month.


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Travel Tips

Do not use your left hand to pass things to local people because left hand is thought to be dirty in their culture. Never touch local people' head, especially the children's, since head is regarded as the most sacred part of one's body. According to Hinduism, the bull is the holiest animal, so do not hurt the bulls in the country.


In addition, be aware that Indians are not so punctual. 5 minutes might mean half an hour. What's more, if have chance, you can make a trip independently or join in escorted tours india in February or March to attend Holi Festival, which is the grandest festival celebrated by the whole country.

Holi Festival in India
Holi Festival in India


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Tipping in India: Who, When, and How to Tip

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Language in India


History

The country is one of the Four Great Ancient Civilizations. 2500-1500 BC, Indus Valley Civilization was created. 4th century BC, Maurya Dynasty got the country unified, and in 3rd century BC, with the domination of Emperor Asoka, the country stepped into the most prosperous period, and Buddhism was set as the state religion. Later, Hinduism arose and developed, getting popular gradually. In 1600 AD, the country was invaded and became a colony. In 1947, it declared its independence. In 1950, Republic of India was established and now it is still a member of Commonwealth.


Geographical Features

India is the largest country in the South Asian Subcontinent. Several rivers run through the northern area, including Ganges River, the mother river of the country. Fed by the rivers and affected by tropical monsoon climate, the land is fertile for the growth of crops, plants and fruits. The perfect agricultural conditions provide the foundation for the birth of Indus Valley Civilization.