Name: Central & North America
Area: 24,228,000 sq km (9,354,483 sq mi)
Location: Western Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere
Population: 537,938,466 (2020)
Population density: 22/sq km (57/sq mi)
Languages: English, French, Spanish
Time zones: UTC-11 to UTC-1
Number of countries: 23
Main countries: United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Bahamas, Panama…
Largest cities: New York, Washing D.C, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Huston, Boston, Las Vegas, Seattle, Miami, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Vancouver, Montreal, Toronto, Victoria, Ottawa, Quebec, Mexico City, Monterey, Nassau, Panama City…
Central and North America mostly lies in the western and northern hemispheres. It is the third largest continents in the world. Together with the surrounding islands, it occupies 16.2% of the earth's total land area. It boarders Atlantic Ocean in the east, Pacific Ocean in the west, and Arctic Ocean in the north. In its south, the Panama Canal divides it with the South America. In the northeast, it faces Europe across the Denmark Strait, while in the northwest it faces Asia across the Bering Sea.
Central and North America spans from tropical zone and temperate zone to cold zone, and its climate is greatly influenced by its geographical landscapes. As all of its mountains go in or almost in a north-south direction, the humid air from the ocean cannot reach its central part; the cold air from the Arctic Ocean can go very south while the warm air from the Atlantic Ocean can go very north, so one obvious climatic feature of Central and North America, especially North America including the United States is changeable. But in general, it is suitable to visit all year round while May to October is the best. In Central America including Mexico and Bahamas, visitors will not feel cold at all seasons; but the best time to visit is the dry season from December to next April.
Occupying a vast land, the Central and North America is rich in natural scenery from high mountains like Rocky Mountains and Mt. Ranier, deep valleys like Colorado Grand Canyon and Death Valley, large lakes like Superior Lake, long rivers like Mississippi River, big waterfalls like Niagara Falls, endless desert such as Sonoran Desert, to seaside landscapes like Belize Blue Cave and Miami white beaches. Last but not least, a visit list to Central and North America should not exclude Yellowstone National Park boasting active geysers, colorful hot springs, valleys, waterfalls, lakes, and forests and grasslands, which are home to various wild animals.
Before Columbus set foot on this continent in 1492, Central and North America had long been dwelled by the Indians, who created the Maya Civilization and Aztec Civilization. Although they suddenly disappeared for unknown reasons, visitors can still explore their traces from the relics, like Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza and Templo Mayor in Mexico, Tikal in Guatemala, and Copan Ruins in Honduras.
After 1492, Europeans started their ruling over the continent and built many modern landmarks, like Golden Bridge, Statue of Freedom, and White House in United States, Toronto TV Tower and Halifax Castle in Canada, Zocalo Public Square in Mexico and various cathedrals and high buildings spreading all over the land.
In addition to sightseeing, there are many interesting activities worth to do in Central and North America. To name a few:
• Gamble in Las Vegas;
• Watch aurora and ski in north Canada like Whitehorse and Churchill city;
• Cruise on Panama Canal;
• Snorkel in Caribbean Sea;
• Attend one of the carnivals in Mexico.