Did You Know These 10 Facts about India for Kids?

Before you plan visiting the country, know about the following facts about India for kids to make the trip more interesting!

Facts About Geographical

River Ganges of Varanasi
Ganges River
•  Covering an area of 3,287,590 square kilometre (812,381,181 acres) (including ocean area), India is the seventh largest country in the world.

•  As the second most populated country, India has a population of 1.2 billion.

•  One of the interesting facts about India for kids is that Tropic of Cancer passes through the country.

•  The town of Mawsynram is the wettest place in India.

•  Chilka is the largest lake in India.

•  Ganga is the longest river in India, and is as long as 2525km (1,569mi).

•  Dras, situated in the western part of Ladakh, is the coldest place in India.

•  As the highest mountain peak of India, Kanchenjunga is at an altitude of 8,586 meters.

•  The smallest and largeststates in India are Goa and Rajasthan respectively.

•  The lowest point of India is Kuttanad.

Historical Facts

•  India has huge contribution to the field of mathematics. Of the many facts about India for kids, it must be known that zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
•  Chess was invented by Indians.
•  India has never invaded any country.
•  Nalanda in Takshila is the world’s first university, which was built in 700 B.C.
•  The decimal system was invented in India.
•  Budhayana calculated the value of Pi.
•  Ayurveda is the first stem of medicine which has its origin here.

Culture Facts

Taj Mahal, Agra
Taj Mahal
•  The Indian culture is estimated to be as old as 4,500 years and is one of the oldest in the world.
•  India is the birthplace of most popular religions – Hinduism and Buddhism. It is, however, a secular country.
•  The Taj Mahal in Agra is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
•  India creates several dance forms such as Kathakali, Odissi, BharataNatyam, Kuchipudi, and Manipuri.
•  There are 22 official languages in India.
•  The largest temple in India (156 acres) is Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Tamil Nadu.

See more: 10 Tips to Avoid Culture Shock in India

Facts about Indian Currency

•  India minted a zero rupee note to clear about the NGO 5th pillar’s which signifies the mark to fight corruption.
•  Every Indian currency note has two languages English and Hindi on the front side and 15 languages on the reverse side.
•  Cotton and cotton rag is used to make Indian notes.
•  Soon after the partition, Pakistan used the Indian Rupee notes.
•  In years 1954 and 1978, 5,000 and 10,000 notes were in circulation.
•  Soiled or torn note can be exchanged at any branch of banks.
•  Damaging currencies or scribbling on the notes is considered a punishable offence.

Facts About Indian Animal

Ranthambhore Park
Bengal Tiger
•  The Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asian lion, Mugger crocodile are some of the exotic species of the country.
•  India has more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries.
•  Peacock is the national bird of India.
•  Bengal tiger is the national animal of India.
•  The Himalayan blue sheep is seen only in India.

Facts about Sports

•  Hockey legend Dhyan Chand, was presented a rank of field marshal in the German army by Hitler. However, he refused the position and help Indian team win gold in the Berlin Olympics of 1936.
•  India’s international men’s Kabbadi team has won all the five tournaments
•  Talking about sports facts about India for kids, the country has won 28 medals in the Olympic Games till date
•  Sport of self-defence or Martial arts has its roots in India
•  India first participated in the Olympics in 1900
•  A poet named Gyaydevji made a game called ‘Parambadham’, and today it is popular as  snakes and ladders
•  Polo has its root in India although it has gone through a lot of adaption from the original version
•  Hockey is the national game
•  After the NBA, IPL has one of the highest revenue earnings.

India Facts Related to Music

•  Gandharva Mahavidyalaya was India’s earliest music school.
•  There is different folk music in each state of India
•  Sarod is an example of an exclusively Indian instrument
•  The table was made first in India
•  Banjaran was the first folk album of Indiaand had the folk songs of Gujrat and Rajasthan
•  The national anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore
•  The veena, a string instrument, was first made in India
•  The Ladybirds was the first Indian women-onlyband
•  One of the oldest forms of classical music is Carnatic music

Facts about Indian Festivals

Diwali in India
•  Diwali, which celebrated worldwide has a strong mythological connection to Indian Ramayana.
•  Holi, the festival of colours, marks an auspicious day in the Hindu calendar.
•  Ganesh Chaturthi predominantly celebrated in Mumbai.
•  Onam is a harvest festival which is exclusively a Kerala festival.
•  Pongal is the Tamil New Year which is all about celebrating the new harvest.
•  The Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi which marks the beginning of harvest.

See more: 10 Best Jaipur Festivals

Indian Food Facts

•  India is the biggest manufacturer of spices in the world.
•  Chai or tea is the mostly consumed beverage in the country.
•  India people take rice as their staple food.
•  BhutJolokia, the world’s hottest chilli, is found in India.
•  Portuguese introduced refined sugar to the country.
•  Indian Food Theory states there are six different flavours - sweet, salty, astringent, bitter, sour, and spicy.
•  Indian food system is classified into three categories - Raajsic (oily and spicy food), Saatvic (fresh vegetables and juice), and Taamsic (Meat and liquor).

See more: Top 10 Foods in India – What to Eat

Other Interesting Facts

•  Structure wise, The Indian constitution is the world's longest as a sovereign nation.

•  You can find one of the world’s largest postal network in India.

•  India has the fifth largest railway line network of the world.

•  The largest human gathering in the history of the world, KumbhMela is said to be visible from space.

•  India introduced the concept of shampooing to the world.

•  Chandrayaan-1, first unmanned moon mission, discovered the occurrence of water on the moon.

•  India has the second most English-speaking population followed by the US.

•  31% of the total population makes India the largest nation with vegetarians.

•  India was the first to mine diamonds.

•  According to Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), India is the third largest economy in the world.