Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, MumbaiFormerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Working as the headquarter of the central railway corporation, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the largest and the busiest railway station in India and it is still in service at present. In July of 2004, the terminus was recognized by UNESO as one world heritage site. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is also the shooting site of the dancing scene in movie “Slumdog Millionaire”, as well a landmark building in Mumbai. What’s more, with beautiful Victorian architectural features, it is also regarded as the most beautiful railway station in theworld.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus FactsOther Name: Victoria Terminus
When was Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Built: 1887 A.D.
Architect: Frederick William Stevens
Location: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Area, Fort, Mumbai, Maharashtra
HistoryCombining the Gothic revival style of St Pancras Railway Station in Victoria Age and traditional styles of Indian architectures, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was built in 1887. It was designed by famous British architect Frederick William Stevens. Firstly, it is named as Victoria Terminus to mark the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria’s accession to the throne. Later, after India’s independence, it turned into Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1996 to commemorate the national hero - Chhatrapati Shivaji. In 2004, the terminus became a member of world heritage sites. Now, it still serves passengers traveling by train in India.
A Representative of Gothic Revival Building of Victoria Age in IndiaIntegrating Victorian, Hindu and Islamic styles, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a calling card for Mumbai and also a symbol of British colonial history. With the perfect combination of Victorian features and traditional architectural styles of India, it has a unique and novel style. With ornate and intricate decorations and undulating small domes, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the best representative of buildings with Gothic revival features of Victoria Age. The eye-catching stone domes, turrets, pointed arches and irregular ground designs are similar to those elements of traditional palaces in India. The collaboration of British architect and Indian artisans and combination of Victorian features and traditional Indian styles form the unique new style in Mumbai, setting an outstanding example of the intersection of the two culture.
How to get to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus1. Passengers can take bus 37, 62 and get off at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus station.
2. Passengers can take bus 3, 4LTD, 9, 25LTD, 45, 68, 94, 103 and get off at Mahatma Phule Market station, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is nearby.
Chhatrapati Shivaji - Whom Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was Name AfterChhatrapati Shivaji was the founder of the confederation of Marat in 17th century, as well a national hero of India who fought against Mughal’ rule. He led uprisings against Mughal’s rule, and established the state of Marat, which later formed the Marat Alliance and became the most powerful regime in India.