Japan Travel Guide

Basic Facts of Japan

Area: 377,972 square kilometers (145,936 square miles)
Location: East Asia
Population: 127 million
Language: Japanese
Currency: Japanese Yen
Time Zone: UTC+9
Capital: Tokyo
Administrative Division: Tokyo, Hokkaido, Osaka, Kyoto and 43 prefectures
Religions and Beliefs: Buddhism and Shinto

Top Things to Do in Japan

In Japan, you can enjoy the prosperous metropolis city of Tokyo, feast your eyes on the quiet and magnificent Mount Fuji, taste the classical melodies of Kyoto, and feel the integration of modern and traditional intertwined culture. The highlights include cherry blossoms, hot springs, snowy mountains, shrines, islands and nerd culture. Japan is Asia’s most fashionable and modern country with a wide range of humanistic and natural landscape, enabling you to experience the unparalleled charm of the East.

Top Destinations & Attractions

Tokyo: Mount Fuji, Tokyo Tower, Ginza, Sensoji Temple, Shinjuku
Kyoto: Kiyomizu Temple
Osaka: Universal Studios Japan
Hokkaido: Mount Hakodate
Nara: Nara Park

Best Time to Visit Japan

Japan is a hot tourist destination through the four seasons, but spring and autumn are the best time to visit, for visitors can appreciate the cherry blossoms from March to May and the red leaves from September to November in Tokyo and Kyoto. If you visit the country in summer, Okinawa, Nagoya, and Nagasaki are the best choices for their cool temperature. If you go there in winter, you are advised to go to Osaka and Hokkaido to watch the snow and have fun on skis.

Transportation

Tourists can easily get to Japan by flight. The country has a few international airports, respectively in Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, and Okinawa. They can also go there by cruise ship from China, Russia, and South Korea. The domestic transportation is very well-developed. Highways, JR lines, Shinkansen bullet trains, trams, subways, buses and taxies can take you around the country. If you travel by yourself, subway is the best choice because it’s convenient and cheap.

 Japan Train Tickets Booking


Japan Travel Tips

Japanese greet each other with bows instead of handshakes. If someone makes a bow to you, you can nod and smile to response. Take off your shoes before entering a room. It’s not necessary to give tips because the service charge is included on the bill. Tap water is potable so you don’t have to buy bottle water. The voltage is 110v and you are advised to take a plug adapter.

History

The Yamato State was founded around the 3rd century in Nara-ken. In AD 645, Japan learned from China’s Tang Dynasty, and made great changes. In 1868, it learned from European and American countries and gradually embarked on the aggression and successively fought against China, North Korea and other Asian countries. In World War II, Japan surrendered. In 1947, the country launched a new constitution, changing the state system from an imperial state to a parliamentary cabinet system with the Mikado as the symbol. Since the 1990s, its economy has been in a long-term downturn and the country is faced with severe social problems such as aging and declining birth rate, but it is still one of the largest economies in the world.

Geographical Features

Japan consists of four large islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and other 7,200 small islands. It is a mountainous island country, and ridged mountains distributed in the central part divides it into the Pacific Ocean part and the Sea of Japan part. Mountains and hills account for 71% of the total area and most mountains are volcanoes. The forest coverage is up to 67%. Mount Fuji is the highest peak in Japan, 3,776 meters (about 12,388 feet) in height.