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Memphis - The Land of Beauty

For anyone who thinks there's not much to do in Memphis - think again! Memphis, situated on the west bank of Nile River, one of the oldest cities in ancient Egypt, is filled with historical sites including Pyramid of Djoser, said to be the earliest pyramids in the world and the magnificent statue of Ramses II. It well worth a day to visit this charming city.

Origin and History of Memphis

The city of Memphis was and still occupies the first place in terms of its importance compared to the rest of the other ancient Egyptian cities, specifically on the northern and southern sides. It was founded during the reign of King Mina. He is the main founder of the First Family, and its rule was during the period between 3150-3000 BC. The goal of establishing this city was to unify the upper and lower sides of the state of Egypt, in order to make it subject to one leadership and control, and at the same time, to be a new national capital for Egypt. It remained in this case, until the Old Kingdom ended, and the succession of the first family until the eighth. Although the settlements that belonged to the royal family spread on the eastern banks of the Maadi region to the north, and on the southern side of Helwan, to this day, the settlements of the city have not been identified. The city of Memphis had an important role in various aspects, including the economic, political and religious aspects during the Egyptian historical period.

Read more about 7 Egypt History Facts

The ruins of Memphis
The Ruins of Memphis Ancient City

Memphis Classical Monuments

★ Pyramid of Djoser

Imhotep built it in the year 2700 BC, and it was built for the king of the third family, Djoser. It was built in the form of an amphitheater, which is also the first pyramid in the world built like that. Composed of six terraces, it is also known as the pyramid of Saqqara.

★ The Open Museum

It is located in the village of Mit Rahinah, and this museum contains many monuments, whose sizes, and shapes range from small pieces to very huge pieces. Some of them are: a large statue of King Ramses II which stands at the entrance to the museum; a large-size statue of the king himself; and a small sphinx which is made of alabaster.

★ The Great Temple of Ptah

It was the largest and most significant temple at the center of the ancient city. Dedicated to the local god Ptah who is the creator and protector of the place, this temple was built in prominent structures. Documents shows that this huge walled temple complex was only open to the kings and priests. Now there are only ruins displayed as an open museum to showcase its glorious past.

Egypt Memphis
Memphis in Cairo

★ Other Remains of Memphis

· Sekhmet Temple
· Temples of Ptah belonging to Ramses II
· Temple of Hator
· The Temple of Apis
· Hator Temple
· Ramses II Statue
· Royal Palaces
· Aton Temple
· Amun Temple

Visiting Tips

The best time to visit this city is April and May. It is mild and sunny, and there are many fun festivals and events during the period.

Memphis has many attractions and historical attractions, walking and cycling is one of the best activities in town.

How to Reach Memphis from Cairo?

Memphis is located 20 km (12 mi) south of Cairo. The best way to get there is by taxi. It will takes about 30 minutes to drive there and cost around $3 - $5.

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