Lebanon Travel Guide

Basic Facts of Lebanon

Location: in southwest Asia, the eastern Mediterranean
Area: 4,036 square mi (10,452 square km)
Population: 6.2 million
Language: Arabic
Currency: Lebanese pound
Time Zone: UTC+2
Capital: Beirut
Administrative Division: 6 provinces
Religions and Beliefs: Islam and Christianity

Top Things to Do

When you visit Lebanon, appreciating the natural beauty and feeling the historical civilization are the top things to do. You can walk through the Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley) to take a breath of fresh air and feel the tranquil landscape. Ancient cities and historical sites are also unmissable, which can make you know the country well. You can enjoy the sea view in summer and go skiing in winter.

Top Destinations & Attractions

Beirut: Byblos, National Museum of Beirut, Jeita Grotto, Beiteddine Palace, Qadisha Valley
Tripoli: Tripoli Citadel, Great Mosque
Bekaa Valley: Anjar, Baalbeck Roman Temples

Best Time to Visit Lebanon

Generally March to May is the best time to visit Lebanon for holidays, as the weather is the most comfortable in a year with mild temperature and little rain. October to April is the rainy season, which is not suitable for travel. With Mediterranean climate, the coastal area is hot and humid in summer and warm in winter. If you wish, you can visit the coastal area in winter.

Transportation

In Lebanon, highway transport plays a dominant role in domestic transportation, and ship and plane are the major means for international transport. Beirut, Tripoli and Sidon ports are the major ports in the country and Beirut Airport is the only international airport which operates flights to France, UK, Greece, Egypt, Kuwait and others. The railway stretches as long as 335 km (208 miles), all state-owned. Except the section between Beirut and Chekka, the rest is unusable.

Lebanon Travel Tips

For a vacation there, you can apply to the Lebanon Embassy for visa or get a visa on arrival at all ports of entry in the country. Destinations with affordable hotels and convenient conditions are also a part of your travel plan. Lebanon is a country with many different religions, therefore you should pay attention to your words and behaviors. Don’t discuss politics and religions in public. Cities in the northwest are not safe, so you are not advised to go there. If you want to visit the country in rainy season, umbrella and waterproof clothes are necessary.

History

Lebanon is a country with a long history which could be traced to over 2000 years ago. It was invaded and ruled by Ancient Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Ancient Rome and others. It was under the mandatory administration of France since 1920 and became an independent republic in 1943. Because of the foreign invasions, historical sites with different styles were built and preserved up to now, such as Baalbek and Anjar.

Geographical Features

Lebanon is divided into four physiographic regions, coastal plain, Mount Lebanon range, Bekaa Valley and the Anti-Lebanon mountains. The Mount Lebanon range parallels to the Mediterranean coast and extends over the whole country. The highest peak is Qurnat as Sawda' at 3,083 meters (10,115 feet) above the sea level. The scenery and weather of the mountain range is beautiful and pleasant, making it summer and ski resorts